17 May 2009

Johannesburg, Gold Reef City, part 4, Hudswell, Clarke Co Ltd. 0-6-0T works # 1578 built 1926

Gold Reef City Theme Park is a recreation of turn of the century Johannesburg on the site of the former Crown Mines 14 shaft. The shaft is still operational for underground visits to 5 level (220 metres).



This 0-6-0T tank engine was built for 2 feet 6 inch narrow gauge in 1926 by Hudswell Clarke Co Ltd, of Leeds, England as works # 1578. Like most well-known industrial steam locomotive manufacturers, Hudswell Clarke & Co. Ltd. of the Railway Foundry, Leeds, have designed and built locomotives for all conditions of service in most parts of the world, even when individual engines have been called for.

This is what the locomotive at the Museum looked like way back in 1981. Image courtesy of Roger Griffiths.

The company was founded as Hudswell and Clarke in 1860. In 1870 the name was changed to Hudswell, Clarke and Rogers. There was another change in 1881 to Hudswell Clarke and Company. The firm became a limited company in 1899.

The locomotive part of the business is now part of the Hunslet Engine Company. Locomotive-building was always only one part of a diverse product inventory that included underground diesel-powered mining locomotives, hydraulic pit-props and related mining equipment.

In 1911 Hudswell Clarke entered into an agreement with Robert Hudson for the manufacture of narrow gauge locomotives. This arrangement produced sixteen standardised designs, designated 'A' to 'Q', which ranged from four-coupled (0-4-0) 5 hp engines to six-coupled (0-6-0) 55 hp models. The designs were sufficiently flexible to allow for the various track gauges in use. Over the years, 188 locomotives were supplied to these designs.

This locomotive has a 8,5" diameter cylinder x 12" stroke design. The engine worked as "SUB NIGEL No. 2" for Sub Nigel Ltd at Dunottar. The currently dormant Sub Nigel gold mine is situated 1 km northwest of the town of Nigel on the East Rand. The Sub Nigel mine produced 15 million ounces of gold from the Nigel Reef between 1909 and 1971.

This locomotive SUB NIGEL No 2 has a sister engine SUB NIGEL No 1 plinthed in Nigel.


Lately this little engine has been shunted around quite a bit!

It seems that it used to be plinthed on rails some distance away in front of the door of the large shed in the backgrond.


about 2006 photo: unknown photographer

Next it was parked against the shed in the corner next to the "Tower of Terror".


about 2007 photo: unknown photographer


photo: unknown photographer

So people took some pictures there.


photo: unknown photographer

like this ...


photo: unknown photographer

But again the little workhorse was shunted to its next station.

Apparently this activity was due to ongoing paint jobs in the surroundings.


photo 22 July 2008: This picture is courtesy Duncan Burnett who pictured his daughter Ailsa with the Hudswell engine built in 1926 in Leeds, England. You may view Duncan's travelogue here.

No 2 at work. Images above and below were sourced here & here.


David Shepherd's painting of the Sub Nigel Ltd. locomotive.


This artwork by well-known artist David Shepherd was published in the September 1987 edition of the South African PANORAMA.

5 inch gauge Model of the
SUB NIGEL #2
Hudswell-Clarke 0-6-0T engine.

The following information and pictures are courtesy of Mike Palmer, owner of Station Road Steam, located in Berkshire, ENGLAND.


2009 photo courtesy Station Road Steam.

Mike wrote: "Whilst models of Hunslets turn up all over the place in just about every gauge under the sun, from 3 1/2 to 10 1/4, there are very few Hudswell Clarkes built, their neighbours at Jack Lane, Leeds."


2009 photo courtesy Station Road Steam.

"I'm not sure why, as Hudswell Clarke produced a huge diversity of types and gauges, both steam and, latterly, diesel locomotives. In the early part of the twentieth century they formed a partnership with Robert Hudson, narrow gauge equipment suppliers (they of the famous Hudson tipper wagons) and produced a range of narrow gauge engines which were exported around the world."


2009 photo courtesy Station Road Steam.

" This engine is a model of the 2' 6" gauge Hudswell Clarke 0-6-0 supplied to the Sub Nigel Gold Mine of South Africa."


2009 photo courtesy Station Road Steam.

"This model was built by a prolific engineer, responsible for several of the engines I had in last year including the GWR Mogul, Adams 4-4-0, Butch and Class 15 Bo-Bo."


2009 photo courtesy Station Road Steam.

"He worked up his own design from a works GA drawing to build the engine you see here. Given the narrow gauge prototype, it comes out as a big model, built to 2 inch scale."


2009 photo courtesy Station Road Steam.

"Silver-soldered superheated copper boiler by Western Steam, 1998, working pressure 100psi. Feed by twin injectors with handpump at rear of right hand tank."


2009 photo courtesy Station Road Steam.

"Gunmetal cylinders with slide valves actuated by Walschaert's gear with pole reverser in cab. Mechanical lubricator."


2009 photo courtesy Station Road Steam.

"The engine had been well-used, and the paintwork is fairly grotty, but the engine steams freely and runs well."

Length 38 inches
Width 14 inches
Height 23 inches
Weight est 160 pounds

Sources:
  1. Industrial Locomotives of South Africa 1991 - John Middleton & Huw Williams.
  2. Station Road Steam, located in Berkshire, ENGLAND.
  3. Wikipedia: Hudswell Clarke
Other Gold Reef City Locomotives:

part 1, SAR Class 19D No 3345
part 2, SAR Class NG/G16 No NG111 (Garratt)
part 3, WG Bagnall 0-4-2T works # 2870 built 1948
part 5, Manning, Wardle & Co Ltd. 0-4-0T works # 1583 built 1902

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